THE IMPLICATURE STUDY ON THE ITALICIZED ITEMS IN BROKEN SKIN NOVEL WRITTEN BY STUART MACBRIDE

Pratnyawati Nuridi Suwarso

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This study investigated the syntactic forms, the implicatures, and the purposes of the italicized items appeared in Broken Skin novel written by Stuart Macbride. The data source was all utterances contained of the implicatures. A descriptive qualitative method was used for providing data’s descriptive analysis. The data were collected by reading and note-taking, classified, reduced, and analyzed by applying the theory of Grice’s implicature and Thomas’s indirectness. First finding showed that there were 485 data and distributed into three syntactic forms of italicized items likely words, phrases, and sentences. The italicized words was the most frequently appeared in the novel in 204 words, then italicized sentences in 192 sentences, while italicized phrases in 89 phrases. Second finding showed that reduced data of 140 words was classified into four types of implicatures. Particularized conversational implicature was the most frequently used with 74 utterances, generalized conversational implicature with 51 utterances, scalar implicature with 9 utterances, and conventional implicature with 5 utterances. Third finding showed the author’s purposes were to direct interestingness, increase the force of one’s message, complete goals, and politeness. By considering the context, this research was revealed the implicature’s meaning which was employed the whole circumstances surrounding the utterance in related to grasp the participant’s. This study was expected to be used as a reference for the students, lecturers, and other researchers who were interested in analyzing pragmatics study, particularly those who were interested in analyzing implicature.

Keywords: implicature, italicized items, Broken Skin Novel


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